国際関係論 (梅垣 理郎

    2008年度秋学期 木曜日2時限
    科目コード: 65010 / 2単位
    カテゴリ: 16.先端導入科目-総合政策-国際戦略(学部)

1. 主題と目標/授業の手法など

    The course consists of three major components. 1) A firm historical background, which offers a critical introdution to the issues of our time; 2) Critical examinations of selected empirical and normative theories;and 3) Examinations of specific policy issues in light of normative perspectives.
    The course fuses these three major components into a narrative flow moving from “High Politics” to “Low Politics.” Along the way, the course discusses a new framework for defining policy issues in need of solution, Human Security.

2. 教材・参考文献

    1) Michael Doyle and G. John Ikenberry, eds., New Thinking in International Relations Theory, 1997.
    2) Robert Keohane, After Hegemony, 1984.
    3) Caroline Thomas, Global Governance, Development and Human Security, 2000.
    4)John Gaddis, The Long Peace, 1987.

3. 授業計画

    第1回 Introdution
    Introduction to International Relations offers a general perspective on how the course will evolve throughout the semester. Week 1 also offers certain film (video) footage on key issues in International Relations.

    第2回 The beginnings of Post-World War II world order
    A historical survey of the beginnings and the closing of the Cold War should help students identify the origins and changes in the policy issues of their choosing. The points should be made that the Cold War itself is a uniquely North-Atlantic phenomenon, and that the conflicts at its peripheries need to be examined accordingly.

    第3回 Conflicting Norms and Policy Agenda
    The focus here is the normative background which helped promote the tenets of the “Realist” school of International Relations. Though professing to be rooted in the human nature, the realist school in fact represents more of the sense of uncertainty surrounding the rise of the Soviet power since the 1930s.

    第4回 Beyond the North Atlantic Region
    Undoubtedly under the immense influence of the bipolarization, the regions outside the North-Atlantic region, nonetheless, had their own policy agenda. De-colonization process needs to be examined in light of its own forces

    第5回 “Proxy Wars”
    As misleading as it is powerful, the notion of a “proxy” dominated much of the decision-makers in the United States throughout the Cold War period. There is no other theater of conflict than Vietnam where this notion served to distort strategic thinking of the Western bloc.

    第6回 National Security-:A Hyper-Ideology
    A postwar invention, the notion of national security, nonetheless, established itself quickly as the underlying theme for any nation’s external contact. However, a twin questions of what is to be “secured” and from what it is to be “secured” turn the notion practically emptied of manageable contents. As a result, anything could be justified as long as it comes under the promotion of “national security.” Only after mid-1970s, some theorists began questioning the primacy of “national security” in dictating the relations among the nations.

    第7回 Post-Modern(?) International Relations
    Are there innovative way(s) of reconstructing the issues of “national security” to meet the need of post-Cold War era? What could be “national security” issues when nation-states are no longer the most dominant actors in International Relations?

    第8回 Re-Creating World Order
    An examination of changes in economic development theories reveals a number of assumptions that are needed for their hypotheses to work. These are the assumptions which make most of the development theories unrealistic against the backdrops of former colonies. Nonetheless, the attempts at economic development have never been halted. Why?

    第9回 Regimes and Globalization
    An engine of economic development, the Bretton Woods System, before its tenure expired, is claimed to have enriched the world and installed the basic “infrastructure” for the production and distribution of global wealth by non-violent means. Taking it at face values, what have this system and the ensuing World Trade Organization accomplished?

    第10回 The Rich and the Poor
    One of the key issues involved in what appears to be a perpetual experimentation with economic development is the widening gap between the rich and the poor. To what extent, the widening gap discredit the claims of the Bretton Woods System and the current World Trade Organization? How should we evaluate the roles of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund?

    第11回 Dethronement of GNP
    The criticisms of economic development have their roots not only in the perceived income-gap among the nations, but also in other pressing issues that are accompanying policies of economic development. What are the adjustments by the proponents of economic growth policies?

    第12回 Human Security: New Deal for Policy Analyses?
    Since “Human Development Report, 1994,” a new sort of language has emerged as a way of highlighting the policy issues that most directly affect the lives of people in the world. Human security, as the condition entailing “freedom from threats and freedom from want,” has gradually occupied many organizations, GO and NGO alike, dealing with a broad range of policy issues. Where does this new perspective come from and take us? We will examine the normative foundation of human security.

    第13回 Human Insecurity: the Need for Micro Perspectives in International Relations
    Human security can be recognized only through its absence. This is one of the oft-quoted observations. How so, is the major concern this week. As a mental exercise, we will reconstruct a profile of a few selected countries by using data available in the following documents, and highlights the epistemological problems associated with the macro (aggregate) data in identifying specific issues.

4. 提出課題・試験・成績評価の方法など

    Class participation; two review essays on selected reading material; and a final paper

5. 履修上の注意・その他


6. 前提科目


7. 履修条件

    English TOEFL 500 or higher

8. 旧科目との関係


9. 授業URL

2008-09-10 23:03:38.174102

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