[ Japanese ]



Faculty Michio Umegaki
Term2008 Fall
Level Undergraduate

Inquiry - Inquiry about this course

Lecture Video & Materials
Click the lecture title to see lecture materials and video
#012008/09/25 Introdution
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
Introduction to International Relations offers a general perspective 
on how the course will evolve throughout the semester. Week 1 also 
offers certain film (video) footage on key issues in International 

#022008/10/02 The beginnings of Post-World War II world order
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
A historical survey of the beginnings and the closing of the Cold 
War should help students identify the origins and changes in the 
policy issues of their choosing. The points should be made that the 
Cold War itself is a uniquely North-Atlantic phenomenon, and that 
the conflicts at its peripheries need to be examined accordingly.

#032008/10/09 Conflicting Norms and Policy Agenda
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
The focus here is the normative background which helped promote the 
tenets of the “Realist” school of International Relations. Though 
professing to be rooted in the human nature, the realist school in 
fact represents more of the sense of uncertainty surrounding the 
rise of the Soviet power since the 1930s.

#042008/10/16 Cold War(3)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
Undoubtedly under the immense influence of the bipolarization, the 
regions outside the North-Atlantic region, nonetheless, had their 
own policy agenda. De-colonization process needs to be examined in 
light of its own forces 

#052008/10/23 Cold War(3)(continued)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
As misleading as it is powerful, the notion of a “proxy” dominated 
much of the decision-makers in the United States throughout the Cold 
War period. There is no other theater of conflict than Vietnam where 
this notion served to distort strategic thinking of the Western bloc.

#062008/10/30 Cold War and Japan: Defense Policy
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
A postwar invention, the notion of national security, nonetheless, 
established itself quickly as the underlying theme for any nation’s 
external contact. However, a twin questions of what is to be 
“secured” and from what it is to be “secured” turn the notion 
practically emptied of manageable contents. As a result, anything 
could be justified as long as it comes under the promotion of 
“national security.” Only after mid-1970s, some theorists began 
questioning the primacy of “national security” in dictating the 
relations among the nations. 

#072008/11/13 Cold War and Japan: Defense Policy (cont.)/From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(1)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
Are there innovative way(s) of reconstructing the issues of 
“national security” to meet the need of post-Cold War era? What 
could be “national security” issues when nation-states are no 
longer the most dominant actors in International Relations?

#082008/11/27 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(2)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
An examination of changes in economic development theories reveals a 
number of assumptions that are needed for their hypotheses to work. 
These are the assumptions which make most of the development 
theories unrealistic against the backdrops of former colonies. 
Nonetheless, the attempts at economic development have never been 
halted. Why?

#092008/12/11 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(3)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
An engine of economic development, the Bretton Woods System, before 
its tenure expired, is claimed to have enriched the world and 
installed the basic “infrastructure” for the production and 
distribution of global wealth by non-violent means. Taking it at 
face values, what have this system and the ensuing World Trade 
Organization accomplished?

#102008/12/13 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(4)/Student Presentation(1)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
One of the key issues involved in what appears to be a perpetual 
experimentation with economic development is the widening gap 
between the rich and the poor. To what extent, the widening gap 
discredit the claims of the Bretton Woods System and the current 
World Trade Organization? How should we evaluate the roles of the 
World Bank and International Monetary Fund?

#112008/12/18 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(5)/Student Presentation(2)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
The criticisms of economic development have their roots not only in 
the perceived income-gap among the nations, but also in other 
pressing issues that are accompanying policies of economic 
development. What are the adjustments by the proponents of economic 
growth policies?

#122009/01/08 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(6)
- Lecture Notes(PDF)
Since “Human Development Report, 1994,” a new sort of language has 
emerged as a way of highlighting the policy issues that most 
directly affect the lives of people in the world. Human security, as 
the condition entailing “freedom from threats and freedom from 
want,” has gradually occupied many organizations, GO and NGO alike, 
dealing with a broad range of policy issues. Where does this new 
perspective come from and take us? We will examine the normative 
foundation of human security.

#132009/01/21 The End of International Relations?/Student Presentation(3)
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
Human security can be recognized only through its absence. This is 
one of the oft-quoted observations. How so, is the major concern 
this week. As a mental exercise, we will reconstruct a profile of a 
few selected countries by using data available in the following 
documents, and highlights the epistemological problems associated 
with the macro (aggregate) data in identifying specific issues. 

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