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The purpose of this course is to help students advance along the lines of their specific interests in the policy issues of International Relations. These issues include, among others, conflict-resolution, regional cooperation, poverty-reduction, and environmental protection. Equally important for students, however, is the establishment of firm theoretical footings. As in many other policy-related fields of inquiry, theories in International Relations are not context-free. The constraints of time often dictate theory formulation as they profoundly influence the theorists’ normative commitments.
Given these, the course consists of three major components. 1) A firm historical background, a common prerequisite for all issue-specific perspectives. 2) Critical examinations of selected empirical and normative theories. 3) Examinations of specific policy issues in light of normative perspectives.
The course fuses these three major components into a narrative flow moving from “High Politics” to “Low Politics.” Along the way, the course discusses a new framework for defining policy issues in need of solution, Human Security.
Introduction to the course
ppt for the first meeting
Introduction to International Relations offers a general
perspective on how the course will evolve throughout the
semester. Week 1 also offers certain film (video) footage on
key issues in International Relations.
|第02回||2012/10/11 The beginnings of Post-World War II world order|
A historical survey of the beginnings and the closing of the
Cold War should help students identify the origins and changes
in the policy issues of their choosing. The points should be
made that the Cold War itself is a uniquely North-Atlantic
phenomenon, and that the conflicts at its peripheries need to
be examined accordingly.
|第03回||2012/10/18 Conflicting Norms and Policy Agenda|
The focus here is the normative background which helped promote
the tenets of the “Realist” school of International
Relations. Though professing to be rooted in the human nature,
the realist school in fact represents more of the sense of
uncertainty surrounding the rise of the Soviet power since the
|第04回||2012/10/25 Beyond the North Atlantic Region|
Undoubtedly under the immense influence of the bipolarization,
the regions outside the North-Atlantic region, nonetheless, had
their own policy agenda. De-colonization process needs to be
examined in light of its own forces
|第05回||2012/11/01 “Proxy Wars”|
As misleading as it is powerful, the notion of a “proxy”
dominated much of the decision-makers in the United States
throughout the Cold War period. There is no other theater of
conflict than Vietnam where this notion served to distort
strategic thinking of the Western bloc.
|第06回||2012/11/08 Cold War and Japan: Defense Policy|
A postwar invention, the notion of national security,
nonetheless, established itself quickly as the underlying theme
for any nation’s external contact. However, a twin questions
of what is to be “secured” and from what it is to be
“secured” turn the notion practically emptied of manageable
contents. As a result, anything could be justified as long as
it comes under the promotion of “national security.” Only
after mid-1970s, some theorists began questioning the primacy
of “national security” in dictating the relations among the
|第07回||2012/11/10 An Entirely Different World... ?|
Are there innovative way(s) of reconstructing the issues of
“national security” to meet the need of post-Cold War era?
What could be “national security” issues when nation-states
are no longer the most dominant actors in International
|第08回||2012/11/15 An Entirely Different World...?(2)|
An examination of changes in economic development theories
reveals a number of assumptions that are needed for their
hypotheses to work. These are the assumptions which make most
of the development theories unrealistic against the backdrops
of former colonies. Nonetheless, the attempts at economic
development have never been halted. Why?
|第09回||2012/11/29 Regimes and Globalization|
An engine of economic development, the Bretton Woods System,
before its tenure expired, is claimed to have enriched the
world and installed the basic “infrastructure” for the
production and distribution of global wealth by non-violent
means. Taking it at face values, what have this system and the
ensuing World Trade Organization accomplished?
|第10回||2012/12/06 The Rich and the Poor|
One of the key issues involved in what appears to be a
perpetual experimentation with economic development is the
widening gap between the rich and the poor. To what extent, the
widening gap discredit the claims of the Bretton Woods System
and the current World Trade Organization? How should we
evaluate the roles of the World Bank and International Monetary
|第11回||2012/12/13 Dethronement of GNP|
The criticisms of economic development have their roots not
only in the perceived income-gap among the nations, but also in
other pressing issues that are accompanying policies of
economic development. What are the adjustments by the
proponents of economic growth policies?
|第12回||2012/12/20 Human Security: New Deal for Policy Analyses?|
Since “Human Development Report, 1994,” a new sort of
language has emerged as a way of highlighting the policy issues
that most directly affect the lives of people in the world.
Human security, as the condition entailing “freedom from
threats and freedom from want,” has gradually occupied many
organizations, GO and NGO alike, dealing with a broad range of
policy issues. Where does this new perspective come from and
take us? We will examine the normative foundation of human
|第13回||2012/12/27 Human Insecurity: the Need for Micro Perspectives in International Relations|
Human security can be recognized only through its absence. This
is one of the oft-quoted observations. How so, is the major
concern this week. As a mental exercise, we will reconstruct a
profile of a few selected countries by using data available in
the following documents, and highlights the epistemological
problems associated with the macro (aggregate) data in
identifying specific issues.
|第14回||2013/01/17 Alternative to |
IR12-14 + Final Take-home exam.
What are the desciplinary alternative to international
relations that helps solve the "problems" in global governance?
|第15回||2013/01/17 Alternative to |
Need to develop normative discussions concerning the goals --
peace and prosperity -- which have been too easily taken for