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The world’s cities, and the buildings that fill them, consume the majority of the world’s resources. As the size and number of cities increase around the world the question of sustainability and the need for innovation in design can only grow in importance.
The survey course examines the relationship between sustainability and the physical form of cities and of architecture.The built world is the subject matter, but the approach is multi-disciplinary so we will also look to the intertwined effects of human behaviour, technology, and economics as they affect the search for sustainable urban form and sustainable building practices. The history of modern architecture beginning with the enlightenment to today forms the backdrop for the class. Key issues include energy use, social equity, economics, and demographic change.
Students are encouraged to be critical of the concepts presented and to form their own opinions about sustainability, planning, and architecture.
ガロウェイ， ウイリアム ディビッド
|第01回||2017/04/12 Introduction - Innovation, Sustainability and the world we are building|
1 - Introduction
Why do we need to rethink the way cities and buildings are made?
Rachel Carson, QWERTY, and the evolution of a problem.
|第02回||2017/04/19 Energy Use and resources - the limits of what we have|
A thousand Barrels A Second
The importance of energy and other resources in the pursuit of
sustainability. Introduction to the challenges of vulnerability and
resiliency-building in the built environment.
|第03回||2017/04/26 Thinking about the City|
3 - thinking about the city
Considers the origins of urban form, from the industrial revolution
to the present, and looks to the ways cities are changing under
|第04回||2017/05/10 Thinking about Architecture|
4-Thinking about Architecture
The way that we consider architecture in terms of sustainability
today is strongly influenced by the history of modern architecture
and its view of technology.
lecture 5 - thinking about architecture II
Many of the concepts about how we live today come from a
philosophical movement that began in the late 17th century. The
modern movement and its roots in the enlightenment are considered in
terms of the current world we live in.
|第06回||2017/05/24 The Role of Society|
The three pillars of sustainable development. resolving energy issues
is not sufficient to develop real sustainable society. Can the role
of social issues be addressed through architecture and planning?
|第08回||2017/06/07 Utopia |
Sustainable design is a kind of utopian model. The challenges and
pitfalls of that approach are set out and discussed.
|第09回||2017/06/21 From Cradle to Cradle|
lecture 9 - cradle to cradle
What would the world be like if there was no such thing as pollution?
Innovation in design is essential to the creation of sustainability,
but our focus tends to be on improving efficiency and on technical
fixes. The possibility of an entirely different approach is
introduced in the form of cradle to cradle
|第10回||2017/06/28 Broadacre City and Waltopia|
lecture 10 - broadacre city and waltopia
Low density is the norm in many Western cities. The role of private
transportation transformed modern cities and is difficult to ignore.
Is density or dispersion the better approach towards creating
sustainable urban form?
|第11回||2017/07/05 Engineering Society|
lecture 11 - Seeing like a state
Utopia lost its potency as a concept for much of the last 30 years.
Planners and architects instead devoted their time to less
encompassing ideas, as confidence in their ability to create
perfection through design was lost in the face of the grim results of
previous experience. In recent years confidence in big ideas is
returning, with the philosophical centre being replaced with ideas
about sustainability. The question remains open, is utopia possible,
or even desirable?
|第12回||2017/07/12 Nostalgia or Futurism|
lecture 12 - nostalgia or futurism
Building on the previous lecture, what form should urban planning
take to be truy sustainable?
|第13回||2017/07/18 What Can A Building Do?【補講：6/14休講分】|
lecture 13 - what should a building do when we can do anything we want
Looking back to previous lectures, what does a successfully green
building look like? What criteria are sufficient and how do they
measure up in terms of the three pillars?
|第14回||2017/07/19 Mitigation to Adaptation - the future of sustainable thinking|
lecture 14 - we can do anything we want
The need for resiliency in the built environment is demonstrated with
nearly every natural disaster. What lessons can we take from these
occurrences and how do we apply them?