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NEWS 【休講】10/12(火) 【補講】10/21(土)3限@ο12


In this course, we will examine several key global issues within the context of the post-World War context. These issues are considered critical to promoting Human Security (“Freedom from Threats and Freedom from Want” as defined by the United Nations Development Program in 1994).
The course is divided into three parts: 1) Historical Survey, 2) Politics of National Security, and 3) Politics of Human Security.
The students are encouraged to familiarize themselves with the basic turn of events, using any specific countries’ postwar experiences as the lens by which to focus on the nature and characteristics of issues we deal with throughout the course.
The students are also encouraged to exercise their critical faculties in interpreting various international events. For this purpose, the course also mix theoretical readings in the reading assignment. However, the students are warned that the theoretical arguments are often too abstract, allowing them to have only “the views from the 15 th floor.” What I would like you to maintain is the ground-level view on any specific issue covered in this course.

Faculty Michio Umegaki
Term2006 Fall
Level Graduate

Inquiry - Inquiry about this course

Lecture Video & Materials
Click the lecture title to see lecture materials and video
#012006/09/28 Introduction to International Relations
- 講義資料(PDF)
- 配布資料(PDF)
This offers a general perspective on how the course will evolve 
throughout the semester. Week 1 also offers certain film (video) 
footage on key issues in International Relations.

#022006/10/05 Cold War (1947-1989) 1
- 講義資料(PDF)
 A historical survey of the beginnings and the closing of the Cold 
War should help students identify the origins and changes in the 
policy issues of their choosing. The points should be made that the 
Cold War itself is a uniquely North-Atlantic phenomenon, and that 
the conflicts at its peripheries need to be examined accordingly.
  John Gaddis, The Long Peace, 1987, chs. 1~3.
  Raymond Betts, Decolonization, chs.1~3.
  *We also discuss two controversial essays, around the closing of 
the Cold War, by 
Francis Fukyama’s “The End of History,” and Samuel Huntington’s 
“The Clash of 

#032006/10/19 Cold War (1947-1989) 2
- 講義資料(PDF)
 The focus here is the normative background which helped promote the 
tenets of the “Realist” school of International Relations. Though 
professing to be rooted in the human nature, the realist school in 
fact represents more of the sense of uncertainty surrounding the 
rise of the Soviet power since the 1930s.
   Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics among Nations, 1949.
   George Kennan, Kennan Momoirs 1950-1963, op.cit.
   John Gaddis, The Long Peace, 1987, chs. 1~3
  Raymond Betts, Decolonization, ch. 3.

#042006/10/21 Cold War (1947-1989) 3
- 講義資料(PDF)
 Undoubtedly under the immense influence of the bipolarization, the 
regions outside the North-Atlantic region, nonetheless, had their 
own policy agenda. De-colonization process needs to be examined in 
light of its own forces 
  Raymond Betts, Decolonization, chs 4 and 6.
  John Gaddis, The Long Peace, 1987, ch. 4.
  Edward Said, Orientalism, 1979, Pt I.

#052006/10/26 Cold War (1947-1989) 3-ii
- 講義資料(PDF)
 As misleading as it is powerful, the notion of a “proxy” 
dominated much of the decision-makers in the United States 
throughout the Cold War period. There is no other theater of 
conflict than Vietnam where this notion served to distort strategic 
thinking of the Western bloc.
  Francis FitzGerald, Fire in the Lake, 1972.
  Marilyn Young, Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990, 1991.
  John Gaddis, The Long Peace, 1987, ch. 6.

#062006/11/02 Cold War and Japan: Defense Policy
- 講義資料(PDF)
  A postwar invention, the notion of national security, nonetheless, 
established itself quickly as the underlying theme for any nation’s 
external contact. However, a twin questions of what is to be 
“secured” and from what it is to be “secured” turn the notion 
practically emptied of manageable contents. As a result, anything 
could be justified as long as it comes under the promotion of 
“national security.” Only after mid-1970s, some theorists began 
questioning the primacy of “national security” in dictating the 
relations among the nations. 
  Michael Doyle and G. John Ikenberry, eds., New Thinking in 
International Relations Theory, chs. 2,5,7.
  John Gaddis, The Long Peace, 1987, ch. 5.

#072006/11/09 Development and Development
- 講義資料(PDF)
 Are there innovative way(s) of reconstructing the issues of 
“national security” to meet the need of post-Cold War era? What 
could be “national security” issues when nation-states are no 
longer the most dominant actors in International Relations?
  Michael Doyle and G. John Ikenberry, eds., New Thinking in 
International Relations Theory, chs. 3,4.
Robert Keohane, After Hegemony, pt III

#082006/11/16 Development and Development (2)
- 講義資料(PDF)
  An examination of changes in economic development theories reveals 
a number of assumptions that are needed for their hypotheses to 
work. These are the assumptions which make most of the development 
theories unrealistic against the backdrops of former colonies. 
Nonetheless, the attempts at economic development have never been 
halted. Why?
  Gerarld Meier and James Rauch, eds., Leading Issues in Economic 
Development, pts. I and II.
Ozay Mehmet, Westernizing the Third World, ch.2.

#092006/11/30 Development and Development (3)
- 講義資料(PDF)
  An engine of economic development, the Bretton Woods System, 
before its tenure expired, is claimed to have enriched the world and 
installed the basic “infrastructure” for the production and 
distribution of global wealth by non-violent means. Taking it at 
face values, what have this system and the ensuing World Trade 
Organization accomplished?
  William Robinson, A Theory of Global Capitalism, chs1,2,3.
  Gerarld Meier and James Rauch, eds., Leading Issues in Economic 
Development, pts. III and V.

#102006/12/07 Development and Development (4)
- 講義資料(PDF)
  One of the key issues involved in what appears to be a perpetual 
experimentation with economic development is the widening gap 
between the rich and the poor. To what extent, the widening gap 
discredit the claims of the Bretton Woods System and the current 
World Trade Organization? How should we evaluate the roles of the 
World Bank and International Monetary Fund? (Here we make use of 
some of the data available at the Data Source List.)
Ozay Mehmet, Westernizing the Third World, chs. 3, 5, 6
Gerarld Meier and James Rauch, eds., Leading Issues in Economic 
Development, pts. 
VI and VII.
Charles Lemert, ed., Social Theory: the Multicultural and Classic 
Readings, pt IV.

#112006/12/14 Development and Development (5)
- 講義資料(PDF)
  The criticisms of economic development have their roots not only 
in the perceived income gap among the nations, but also in other 
pressing issues that are accompanying policies of economic 
development. What are the adjustments by the proponents of economic 
growth policies? Make use of some of the data available at the Data 
Source List, especially, the UN’s Millennium Development Goals,
  Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom, chs. 3,4,5,8,9
  Gerarld Meier and James Rauch, eds., Leading Issues in Economic 
Development, pt. X. 
Ozay Mehmet, Westernizing the Third World, ch.6.
  Check also Japan’s ODA performance,

#122006/12/21 The End of International Relations?
- 講義資料(PDF)
 Since “Human Development Report, 1994,” a new sort of language 
has emerged as a way of highlighting the policy issues that most 
directly affect the lives of people in the world. Human security, as 
the condition entailing “freedom from threats and freedom from 
want,” has gradually occupied many organizations, GO and NGO alike, 
dealing with a broad range of policy issues. Where does this new 
perspective come from and take us? We will examine the normative 
foundation of human security.
  United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report, 1994.
  Commission on Human Security, Human Security Now.

#132007/01/11 Liberate International Relations from Common Sense
- 講義資料(PDF)
 Human security can be recognized only through its absence. This is 
one of the oft-quoted observations. How so, is the major concern 
this week. As a mental exercise, we will reconstruct a profile of a 
few selected countries by using data available in the following 
documents, and highlights the epistemological problems associated 
with the macro (aggregate) data in identifying specific issues.  
United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report.
International Bank of Reconstruction and Development, Development 
   Caroline Thomas, Global Governance, Development and Human 

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