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Introduction to International Relations offers a general perspective
on how the course will evolve throughout the semester. Week 1 also
offers certain film (video) footage on key issues in International
|第02回||2008/10/02 The beginnings of Post-World War II world order|
A historical survey of the beginnings and the closing of the Cold
War should help students identify the origins and changes in the
policy issues of their choosing. The points should be made that the
Cold War itself is a uniquely North-Atlantic phenomenon, and that
the conflicts at its peripheries need to be examined accordingly.
|第03回||2008/10/09 Conflicting Norms and Policy Agenda|
The focus here is the normative background which helped promote the
tenets of the “Realist” school of International Relations. Though
professing to be rooted in the human nature, the realist school in
fact represents more of the sense of uncertainty surrounding the
rise of the Soviet power since the 1930s.
|第04回||2008/10/16 Cold War(3)|
Undoubtedly under the immense influence of the bipolarization, the
regions outside the North-Atlantic region, nonetheless, had their
own policy agenda. De-colonization process needs to be examined in
light of its own forces
|第05回||2008/10/23 Cold War(3)(continued)|
As misleading as it is powerful, the notion of a “proxy” dominated
much of the decision-makers in the United States throughout the Cold
War period. There is no other theater of conflict than Vietnam where
this notion served to distort strategic thinking of the Western bloc.
|第06回||2008/10/30 Cold War and Japan: Defense Policy|
A postwar invention, the notion of national security, nonetheless,
established itself quickly as the underlying theme for any nation’s
external contact. However, a twin questions of what is to be
“secured” and from what it is to be “secured” turn the notion
practically emptied of manageable contents. As a result, anything
could be justified as long as it comes under the promotion of
“national security.” Only after mid-1970s, some theorists began
questioning the primacy of “national security” in dictating the
relations among the nations.
|第07回||2008/11/13 Cold War and Japan: Defense Policy (cont.)/From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(1)|
Are there innovative way(s) of reconstructing the issues of
“national security” to meet the need of post-Cold War era? What
could be “national security” issues when nation-states are no
longer the most dominant actors in International Relations?
|第08回||2008/11/27 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(2)|
An examination of changes in economic development theories reveals a
number of assumptions that are needed for their hypotheses to work.
These are the assumptions which make most of the development
theories unrealistic against the backdrops of former colonies.
Nonetheless, the attempts at economic development have never been
|第09回||2008/12/11 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(3)|
An engine of economic development, the Bretton Woods System, before
its tenure expired, is claimed to have enriched the world and
installed the basic “infrastructure” for the production and
distribution of global wealth by non-violent means. Taking it at
face values, what have this system and the ensuing World Trade
|第10回||2008/12/13 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(4)/Student Presentation(1)|
One of the key issues involved in what appears to be a perpetual
experimentation with economic development is the widening gap
between the rich and the poor. To what extent, the widening gap
discredit the claims of the Bretton Woods System and the current
World Trade Organization? How should we evaluate the roles of the
World Bank and International Monetary Fund?
|第11回||2008/12/18 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(5)/Student Presentation(2)|
The criticisms of economic development have their roots not only in
the perceived income-gap among the nations, but also in other
pressing issues that are accompanying policies of economic
development. What are the adjustments by the proponents of economic
|第12回||2009/01/08 From "High" Politics to "Low" Politics ?(6)|
Since “Human Development Report, 1994,” a new sort of language has
emerged as a way of highlighting the policy issues that most
directly affect the lives of people in the world. Human security, as
the condition entailing “freedom from threats and freedom from
want,” has gradually occupied many organizations, GO and NGO alike,
dealing with a broad range of policy issues. Where does this new
perspective come from and take us? We will examine the normative
foundation of human security.
|第13回||2009/01/21 The End of International Relations?/Student Presentation(3)|
Lecture Notes (PDF)
Human security can be recognized only through its absence. This is
one of the oft-quoted observations. How so, is the major concern
this week. As a mental exercise, we will reconstruct a profile of a
few selected countries by using data available in the following
documents, and highlights the epistemological problems associated
with the macro (aggregate) data in identifying specific issues.